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There are several ways by which we can know how are mountains useful to man. Mountains, for instance, store water. Additionally, hydroelectric electricity is produced by using water from the highlands for irrigation. Paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting, and skiing are all well-liked activities in the Alps. Mountains offer water for freshwater, hydroelectricity, agriculture, food production, habitation, and other needs. Rivers and lakes receive their water from the snow and glaciers of the mountains. In addition to other uses, the water is used in agricultural, electricity generation, drinking, and food preparation.

How Are Mountains Useful to Man – Overview

There are countless different types of landforms on Earth. The four main types of terrain formations are mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains. Any naturally occurring earthly elevation is referred to as a mountain. Fold Mountains, Block Mountains, Residual Mountains and Dome Mountains are the four different types of mountains. Rivers and lakes receive water from the glaciers and snow on the mountains. The water is used for drinking, food preparation, irrigation, and other uses. Rich flora and trees come from the hills, and there is a plentiful supply of them. Mountains make great vacation destinations because they help people unwind. Mountains also provide the animals with food, shelter, and fuel.

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Kinds of Mountains – Check the List Here

Fold Mountains 

 When two or more of the tectonic plates of Earth are forced together, fold mountains are formed. Stones and debris are bent and folded into rocky outcrops, hills, mountains, and entire mountain ranges at these interacting, compressing limits. 

  • The Fold Mountains are a popular tourist destination that generates revenue abroad.
  • Rivers originate in the Fold Mountains, which act as water catchment regions.
  • Coal and petroleum resources can be found in some fold mountains.
  • During battle, the Fold Mountains serve as a barrier of defense.
  • Rainfall is affected by some fold mountains in its route, which causes greater rainfall to fall on windward slopes.
  • Due to metamorphism, folding can result in the production of precious minerals.
  • Folding helps precious minerals rise to the surface where they are then readily accessible.

Block Mountains

Block mountains are created when a fault block is raised. Horsts, or higher blocks, are referred to as grabens, or troughs. When the surface is spread out, tensional forces start to build up, and when these tension forces separate, the centre block falls. The Sierra Nevada Range in the United States serves as an illustration of this. Block mountains include those found in the central-western region of India, such as Satpura and Vindhya.

  • Block Mountains are a popular tourist destination and bring in money for the nation.
  • When the ice on block mountains with ice on top melts, rivers form at their sources, providing water for irrigation, transportation, and industrial growth.
  • Block Mountains alter the production of orographic rainfall, which has an impact on the climate.

Residual Mountains

Residual mountains are created by the erosion of an elevated area. As an alternative, these structures are also referred to as mountains of denudation. Examples of residual mountains are the Scottish Highlands, the Scandanavian Mountains, and the Balkan Peninsula’s landmass. These hills include those in India’s Nilgiris, Parasnath, Girnar, and Rajmahal.

  • Reduces the number of new stock issuance, which lowers flotation costs and the negative signals that come with new stock.

Dome Mountains

Dome mountains are produced when massive magma globules rise from the crust’s interior and push up nearby rocks, causing the crust to swell in a spherical shape. A substantial dome of tougher rock is formed beneath the surface as the lava cools; this rock is occasionally exposed by erosion. A dome-shaped mountain in Uttarakhand’s Garhwal range of the Himalayas is known as Kedar Dome peak.

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Advantages of Mountains – Living In Mountains

An excellent way to escape the stress and hustle of city life is to live in the mountains. Literally, it is a breath of clean and fresh air. The beauty of the mountains might daily leave you speechless. Living in the mountains provides solitude and a chance to reconnect with nature. A mountain home merely makes sense for you if you enjoy outdoor activities like hiking, fishing, mountain biking, snow skiing, or snowboarding and frequently visit the mountains. 

Also, the mountains are the ideal location if you want cold summers and snowy winters. Similar to how there are several lake lives, there are various mountain lifestyles. You can host family and friends in a luxurious, contemporary mountain home. There are mountain communities that provide inhabitants with amenities including recreation centres, outdoor living spaces, and parks and walking paths throughout their neighborhoods. If all you desire is a mountain retreat where you may live a more basic, natural existence, you can also choose a modest rustic log cabin.

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How Are Mountains Useful to Man – Know the Reasons Here

  • Mountains are the “water towers” of the world, providing between 60 and 80 percent of the world’s freshwater resources. The survival of at least 50% of the world’s population depends on the water, food, and clean energy provided by mountain ecosystem services.
  • Mountains are the home of many of the crops that end up on our tables, including rice, potatoes, tomatoes, and barley. They also contain around one-quarter of all terrestrial biodiversity.
  • Numerous mountains have been named UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves in recognition of their crucial significance in biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Mountains are home to highly specialized species that couldn’t exist anywhere else, and they support 25% of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity.
  • Mountains are essential for tourism because they are places with significant cultural diversity, expertise, and heritage, drawing about 15% to 20% of all international travelers to mountain regions. 
  • Choosing to relocate to the mountains lowers your risk of developing ischemic heart disease. High-altitude living has been shown to benefit heart health and condition.
  • To escape the stressful metropolitan environments, many city inhabitants decide to spend the majority of their holiday time near nature. Think about the benefits living in the mountains can have on your mental and emotional well-being. The breathtaking scenery and lovely vistas that surround your home will help you feel less stressed and anxious.

Learn more about such intriguing geographical topics here

What are the kinds of mountains available?

Four kinds of mountains are available – Block, Dome, Residual and Fold.

Give an example of Dome Mountains.

A dome-shaped mountain in Uttarakhand’s Garhwal range of the Himalayas is known as Kedar Dome peak.

Give an example that mountains have on health.

You can live far from pollution and breathe air that is devoid of hazardous chemicals if you are on a mountainside. As a result, you have healthier lungs and are less likely to suffer acute respiratory illnesses like asthma.

Which mountain is formed when tectonic plates collide?

Fold mountains.

How are residual mountains formed ?

Residual mountains are created by the erosion of an elevated area. 

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