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The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it. Each year on 12 June, World Day brings together governments, employers and workers organizations, civil society, as well as millions of people from around the world to highlight the plight of child labourers and what can be done to help them. Read this Essay on World Day Against Child Labour to know more on this issue.

What is Child Labour?

The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that:

  • is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and/or
  • interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.

Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour” depends on the child’s age, the type and hours of work performed, the conditions under which it is performed and the objectives pursued by individual countries. The answer varies from country to country, as well as among sectors within countries.

SDGs and Child Labour

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by world leaders in 2015, include a renewed global commitment to ending child labour. Specifically, target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals calls on the global community to: “Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms.”

2022 theme: Universal Social Protection to End Child Labour!

This year’s World Day Against Child Labour focuses on action taken for the 2022 International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour. It is the second World Day since the universal ratification of the ILO’s Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. The theme this year is “Universal Social Protection to End Child Labour”.

How Children are exploited as labours?

The worst forms of child labour involved 

  • children being enslaved
  • separated from their families
  • exposed to serious hazards and illnesses 
  • left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often at a very early age. 

Some more forms of child labour, including sexual exploitation, which primarily affects girls, often increase when job opportunities and family incomes are decreasing. Children from migrant families who have fled from conflicts and disasters, from extreme poverty or human rights violations, are much more affected. Inequality, social exclusion and discrimination, which are exacerbated by crises, make the situation even worse. This is particularly the case for indigenous people, ethnic minorities and internally displaced persons, people with disabilities, single-headed households, and orphans.

Hope you liked this essay on Essay on World Day Against Child Labour. Keep reading our articles for more information. In case of doubts or queries, you can reach out to us by placing your comments below. 

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Essay on World Day Against Child Labour FAQs

What is child labour?

The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. 

When was this day first celebrated?

The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002.

Why did the UN start celebrating this day?

The UN start celebrating this day to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.

How child labour affects girls?

It primarily affects girls, as it often increases when job opportunities and family incomes are decreasing.

Which race of people is likely to get affected by child labour?

The race of people is likely to get affected by child labour is indigenous people, ethnic minorities and internally displaced persons, people with disabilities, single-headed households, and orphans.