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Last updated on February 14th, 2023 at 02:37 pm

The name “Panchayati Raj” describes a form of rural local self-government in India. It is in charge of rural development. The three tiers of the Panchayati Raj are the Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti, and Gram Panchayat. Gram Sabha and Nyaya Panchayat are additional divisions of the Gram Panchayat. The Panchayati Raj System was made constitutional on April 24, 1993, by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. All villagers who have attained the age of 18 and had their names added to the voter list collectively make up the Gram Sabha.

The Gram Panchayat, the Gram Sabha’s executive body, is composed of the representatives selected by the Sabha.

What is the Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat

 The Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat are as follows:

Gram PanchayatGram Sabha
The lower level of Panchayati Raj, the Gram Panchayat, is responsible for the welfare and development of the village.The village-level legislative body, known as the Gram Sabha considers the Gram Panchayat’s yearly budget and audit reports.
Since the panchayat members are chosen for terms of five years, it is a temporary body.Gram Sabha is a permanent body.
Ward representatives and the Sarpanch make up the Gram Panchayat.Every person whose name appears on the prospective village’s voter list is a member of the Gram Sabha.
The members of the Gram Sabha elect each other directly to the Gram Panchayat.Members of the Gram Sabha are not chosen by vote.
The Gram Panchayat hosts a meeting once a month. The Gram Panchayat’s duties can be divided into required and discretionary ones. Civic obligations include maintaining ponds, drainage, and other infrastructure.Any other body cannot overturn a decision made by the Gram Sabha. The Gram Sabha alone has the authority to do this.

Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in Hindi

ग्राम पंचायत ग्राम सभा
ग्राम पंचायत पंचायती राज का निचला तत्व है जो गाँव के कल्याण और विकास को ध्यान में रखते हुए गाँव के स्तर पर कार्य करता है।ग्राम सभा विधायी निकाय है जो ग्राम स्तर पर संचालित होती है और ग्राम पंचायत के वार्षिक बजट और लेखापरीक्षा रिपोर्ट को ध्यान में रखती है।
यह एक अस्थायी निकाय है, क्योंकि पंचायत के सदस्य पाँच वर्ष की अवधि के लिए चुने जाते हैं।यह एक स्थायी निकाय है।
ग्राम पंचायत में वार्ड सदस्य और सरपंच होते हैं।ग्राम सभा में वह प्रत्येक व्यक्ति शामिल होता है जिसका नाम परिप्रेक्ष्य ग्राम की मतदाता सूची में दर्ज है।
ग्राम पंचायत के सदस्य सीधे ग्राम सभा के सदस्यों द्वारा चुने जाते हैं।ग्राम सभा के सदस्य निर्वाचित नहीं होते हैं।
ग्राम पंचायत द्वारा हर महीने एक बैठक आयोजित की जाती है। ग्राम पंचायत के कार्यों को अनिवार्य और वैकल्पिक कार्यों के रूप में विभाजित किया जा सकता है। अनिवार्य कार्यों में स्वच्छता, नालियों और तालाबों जैसी नागरिक भूमिकाएं शामिल हैं।ग्राम सभा द्वारा लिए गए निर्णयों को किसी अन्य निकाय द्वारा रद्द नहीं किया जा सकता है। ऐसा करने की शक्ति केवल ग्राम सभा के पास है।

Introduction to Gram Sabha and its Features

Definition of Gram Sabha

The term Gram Sabha is defined in Article 243 (b) in the Constitution of India, which is considered the largest and the main body of the Panchayati Raj. The eligibility criteria involve individuals above 18 years of age residing in a village nominated in the Panchayat at the village level.

The Secretary of the Panchayat organizes the Gram Sabha after getting approval from the Sarpanch. The meeting takes place with a minimum involvement of 50 persons, or 10% of the total members, and they must be notified of the meeting. The request for the meeting in writing is given to the Sarpanch 5 days before the panel during office hours. If the Sarpanch does not discuss the date organized or requested, the rest of the members will keep it among themselves. The other members will meet among themselves if the Sarpanch does not hold it on the day set or requested.

Features of Gram Sabha

The features of Gram Sabha are as follows:

  • Prevention of public nuisances, conservation, drainage, and sanitation
  • Treatment and prevention strategies for any outbreak
  • Providing access to clean drinking water and sanitising water storage and supply sources
  • Maintaining, repairing, building, and protecting public streets; 5-Removing encroachments from public streets or places

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Introduction to Gram Panchayat and its Features

Definition of Gram Panchayat

Most of the Gram Sabha’s executive committee members make up the Gram Panchayat. (Gram Sabha: The General Assembly is made up of everyone who is over the age of 18) It is primarily an elected council that works to meet the social, economic, and cultural requirements of those who reside in rural areas.

A Panchayati Raj organization is a local self-government body in India. The 73rd Amendment is to blame for this. The Sarpanch, who leads the Gram Panchayat, is chosen through elections held every five years.

Features of Gram Panchayat

  • To aid in the Panchayat’s development plans and programs’ implementation.
  • To determine who will benefit from various programs and strategies. The Gram Panchayat will identify the beneficiaries. Nevertheless, if the Gram Sabha cannot do so within a fair amount of time.
  • To ask the public for financial, in-kind, both types of, and volunteer assistance for community welfare programs.
  • To assist with family welfare and mass education programs.
  • To encourage harmony and cooperation among all facets of the village’s society.
  • To debate and provide suggestions for the best course of action concerning recommendations from the Vigilance Committee.

Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat: FAQs

What distinguishes the Gram Sabha from the Gram Panchayat Class?

All adults in a Panchayat’s jurisdiction gather at a Gram Sabha. A Secretary who serves as both the Gram Sabha Secretary and the Gram Panchayat Secretary is a non-elected official appointed by the government.

Who is Sarpanch in the Gram Panchayat?

The elected official who receives support from every ward comes from the panch is known as the Sarpanch.

What is the Gram Panchayat’s primary goal?

The twin goals of the Panchayati Raj system, as outlined by the Indian Constitution, are to achieve local economic development and social justice. Gram Panchayats and SDGs both share these goals.

What is Gram Sabha’s primary goal?

Gram Sabha’s primary goal is to encourage harmony and cooperation among all facets of the village’s society.

For how many years have members been chosen in the Gram Panchayat?

Members have been chosen in the Gram Panchayat for 5 years 

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