Gondwana University and Other Exam News

KVS PGT Syllabus 2023 is now available thanks to Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan. KVS PGT 2023 notification has already been published. Candidates need to fully understand the subject in order to pass the KVS PGT Exam. By becoming familiar with the KVS PGT curriculum, candidates can enhance their performance in the upcoming exam. Every piece of study material for every subject must be read. The entire KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023, exam format, scoring system, and other critical information pertaining to the KVS PGT Exam 2022 have been covered on this page.

KVS Syllabus For PGT Biology: Key Information

Candidates who have started their preparation for the KVS PGT exam are looking for a good KVS PGT Syllabus Biology. In this section, we’ve gathered various details regarding the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023. In addition, we will provide a direct link beneath this table for the applicant’s convenience. To download the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023 PDF, simply click on it. Following are the details:

Name of the OrganizationKendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
Name of the PostPost Graduate Teacher (PGT)
Exam LevelCentral level Exam
Selection ProcessWritten Exam and Interview
Mode of ExamOnline (CBT)
Official Websitewww.kvsangathan.nic.in  

Download KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023 PDF Here!

Syllabus for KVS PGT Biology: In Details

In this part, we will elaborate on the Syllabus For PGT Biology. Candidates can look it through to get an idea for the forthcoming KVS exam.

1. Diversity of living worldTaxonomic aids, keys, specimen management Systematic and binomial system of nomenclature
Classification of living organisms (five kingdom classification, major groups, and principles of classification within each group)
General description of monera, protozoa, fungi, algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms (major groups of angiosperms up to subclass)
Botanical gardens, herbaria, zoological parks, and museums. Salient features of animal (non chordates up to phylum level and chordates up to class level).
2. Structural organization in plants and animalsMorphology, Anatomy, and histology of angiosperms: Root, stem, leaf, flower, inflorescence, fruits, and seeds
Tissues: Meristematic and permanent (epidermal, ground, vascular)
Cambial activity, secondary growth, type of wood
Animal tissuesMorphology, Anatomy, and histology of annelids, insects, and amphibians.
3.Structural and functional organization of cellCell cycle, detailed study of Cell division (mitosis, meiosis)
Cell death
Structure and function(metabolism) of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
Enzymology: Classification and nomenclature of enzymes
Mechanism of action, single substrate, and bisubstrate enzyme
Activators and inhibitors of enzymes
Factors affecting the activity of enzymes
4.Plant physiologyWater relations: Properties of water, water in tissues and cells, Transport of water and solutes(food, nutrients, gases): Transport across the cell membrane; soil-plant-atmosphere continuum
Minerals required by the plant, their absorbable form, functions, deficiency symptoms, the essentiality of mineral, N₂ metabolism, biological fixation
Cellular Metabolism: Gluconeogenesis, Glycogenesis, and glycogenolysis, hormonal regulation
Oxidation of food, respiratory efficiency of various food components; transport and detoxification of ammonia Lipid Metabolism
Photosynthesis: Basic principles of light absorption, excitation energy transfer, electron transports, cycles (C2, C3, C4, CAM), plant productivity, measurement of photosynthetic parameters
Physiological responses to abiotic stresses
Sensory photobiology
Plant growth regulators: Growth differentiation / de-differentiation and re-differentiation, development
Physiological effects and mechanism of action of plant growth hormones, Flowering Photoperiodism and its significance, endogenous clock and its regulation, flora! induction and development, vernalization
Plant movements
5.Human biologyMorphology, Anatomy, Histology, Physiology, Control, and Disorders of DigestionRespiration, Body fluids, and CirculationExcretion, Skeleton system & music, Nervous Physiology of high altitude.
6. Sexual ReproductionPlants: Structural details of an angiosperm flower, development of gametophytes, pollination, and its types, agencies of pollination, pollen-pistil interaction, fertilization, Artificial! hybridization (emasculation and bagging) development of seed and fruitApomixis and Polyembryony Self incompatibility: Structural and biochemical aspectsMethods to overcome incompatibilityExperimental EmbryologyHuman Reproduction: Morphology, Anatomy, Histology, and Physiology of reproductionNeuro-endocrine controlSexual behavior in infancy, pre-adolescence, adolescence and an adultImplantation, Pregnancy, and ParturitionMammary gland and LactationInfantile mammary gland, pubertal changes in the mammary glandStructure of adult mammary gland, galactopoietic, milk let down; Menopause. Senescence Impact of age on reproduction. Fetal and Embryonic Gonads and – Genital ducts Hormonal basis of sex differentiation Disorders of sexual differentiation development Reproductive Health: Problems and strategies, Population explosion causes and effects, birth control measures- natural methods, physical/barrier, biochemical, hormonal, immunological, surgical methods, IUD’s, amniocentesis, female feticide, MMR, IMR, MTP, STD’s, infertility Disorders of female and female reproductive systems Sexual dysfunction; – Infertility Causes and curative measures Reproductive toxicology of environmental and industrial chemicals, drug and alcohol Medically assisted human reproductive technologies, GIFT, IUT, ZIFT, TET Embryo culture. 
7. GeneticsPrinciples of Inheritance and Variation: Mendelian genetics, Inheritance of one gene, two genes, post mendelian InheritanceRecombination frequency, chromosomal theory of InheritanceDrosophila genetics, linkage, and recombinations; Mutation General properties of mutations; Adaptation versus mutation; Molecular basis of gene mutation: DNA repair mechanisms; Pedigree analysis Human karyotype-banding genetic and environmental basis of sex determination, Y- and X-linked genes Numerical and Structural abnormalities of human chromosomes and related syndromes Hunan metabolic disordersMolecular Basis of Inheritance: Chemical nature of DNA and RNA, Biological functions of nucleic acids Search for genetic material, RNA world ReplicationTranscription and processing of RNA, Genetic code  Translation, post-translational modificationsRibosomes and Proteins, Regulation of Gene expression; DNA Fingerprinting Gene mappingChromosome banding Restriction enzyme, nucleotide sequence comparisons and homologies Molecular clocksGenetics in modern agriculture, animal breeding, medicine, and human behaviour Misuse of genetics Genetic Counseling Gene therapy HGP Gene Activity in prokaryotes and eukaryotes Signals for gene control – Hormones and growth factors Totipotency & Pleuripotency Stem cell and Gene therapy Bacterial transformation, transduction and conjugation, Bacterial chromosome  Bacteriophages: Types, structure and morphology Evolutionary biology: Cosmic evolution – The physical basis of life; Theories of origin of life Origin of life through biochemical evolution Experimental evidence for the origin of lifeThe origin of natural selectionExtraterrestrial lifeEvolution of the eukaryotic cell: Evolution of the Metazoa Evolution of Chordata and the development of the major vertebrate classesOrigin and evolution of man: Population Genetics; Genetic variationsPolymorphismGene frequency Hardy Weinberg equilibriumGenetic drift, founder effectAdaptive radiations, the ecological significance of molecular variations.
8. Biology in Human WelfareHealth and disease types of diseases, common diseases in humans Immunology – Innate and Acquired immunity Passive and active immunization Organization and structure of lymphoid organCells of the immune system and their differentiation Lymphocyte traffic Nature of immune response Structure and Functions of antibodies Antigen-Antibody interactions Humoral immune response Cell mediated immunity Immunological memory Auto-immunityAllergies LA system in human : MHC haplotypes Transplantation types and problems Immunodeficiency disordersEtiology of HIV Types, genetics and biochemistry of cancer Drugs and alcohol abuse, Addiction, drug dependence, ill effects, prevention, its abuse in adolescents and its managementStrategies for food production and enhancement: Animal husbandry, management of farm animals, breeding strategies (natural and artificial) and their types, economic Importance of each; Plant breeding, method of release of new variety, HYV of common cereals and pulses, bio-fortification, SCPTissue culturing, somatic hybridization Microbes in Human Welfare: Technology associated and use of Microbes in household, industries, medicine, bio-active molecules, sewage treatment and STP, Ganga and Yamuna action plan, biogas production, biocontrol agents, biofertilizers
9.Principles of BiotechnologyGenetic engineering tools and technique, technique of separation and isolation of DNA, cloning vectors,electrophoresis, bio reactors, processing of its products. Tissue engineering Cryopreservation Fusion methods, detection, and applications of monoclonal antibodies, DNA vaccines, and Edible vaccines.Application in agriculture: GMO for pest resistance, DNA and dsRNA technology, Application in Medicine, genetically engineered products, gene therapy. Molecular diagnosis serum and urine analysis, PCR, ELISA Transgenic animals their physiology, biological products, and their use for testing the safety of vaccines and chemicals Bioethics issues Biopiracy.
10. EcologyOrganism and its environment, distribution of biomes, major physical factors and the physiological responses shown by organismsPhysical adaptation of plants and animals, rules governing adaptations Population attributes and growth, logistic curves, Darwinian fitness Population interactions and their theoriesEcosystem structure and functions, ecosystem productivity and standing crop, decomposition in nature, energy flow in GFC / DFC, ecological pyramids, the succession of community Nutrient cycle Ecosystem services Biodiversity types and its patterns, importance of diversity, its loss and their causes, conservation strategiesEnvironmental issues: Types of pollution, their indicators, causes, effects, prevention and treatment Deforestation, recommended forestation, reforestation, case studies of people’s participation in conservation

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How to Download the Syllabus of PGT Biology In KVS

Biology is one of the subjects covered in the KVS Exam Part II. As a result, we’ll show you how to download the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023 curriculum in this section. Candidates are advised to follow the guidelines below to receive the PGT Biology KVS Syllabus.

Step 1: Visit the KVS website at www.kvsangathan.nic.in 

Step 2: Go to your home page and search for the KVS PGT notification link.

Step 3: click on the link 

Step 4: Carefully read and analyze the syllabus of your concerned subject.

Step 5: Save it on your computer or phone and take a print of it for your record.

KVS PGT Exam Pattern 2023

Details about KVS PGT Exam Pattern are explained in the table below:




Number of Questions

Exam duration

Part 1

General English



2 hours and 30 minutes

General Hindi



Part 2

General knowledge & Current Affairs



Computer Literacy



Reasoning Ability






Subject Concerned






KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023: FAQs

What subjects are there in Part 2 of the KVS PGT Exam 2023?

The subjects in Part 2 of the KVS PGT Exam 2023 are G.K & Current Affairs, Computer Literacy, Reasoning, Pedagogy, and Specialized subject (varies). 

How many units are there in the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023?

There are 10 units in the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023.

Where can we get the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023?

By using the direct link in the article or the official website, we may obtain the KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2023.

What will the total marks be in the KVS PGT Exam?

The total mark for KVS PGT Exam is 150. 

For how many hours the KVS PGT Exam 2023 will be conducted?

The KVS PGT Exam 2023 will be conducted for 2 hours and 30 minutes.

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