Every year on October 24, World Polio Day is marked to promote polio vaccination and polio eradication. Over ten years ago, Rotary International created World Polio Day to honour the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to create a vaccine to prevent poliomyelitis.In addition to the selfless sacrifices made by those fighting on the front lines of the campaign to eradicate polio worldwide, this day honours the global efforts made in the direction of a polio-free future. Because the poliovirus spreads so easily, polio is communicable. The virus can harm the parts of the brain that control respiration, which can cause death, even though it is now extremely rare because to modern therapies.
An RNA virus, which is the cause of polio, infects people and causes paralysis in 85% of cases. Poor hygienic conditions are where the poliovirus is most frequently disseminated. Contaminated food and drink can pass the illness on to others. By excreting the virus, poliovirus-infected people can spread the disease to others. Additionally, having physical touch with a person who is poliovirus-infected can result in poliomyelitis. Only vaccinations can prevent polio because there is no proven treatment for it.
World Polio Day Quiz
On October 24, World Polio Day, we have the chance to highlight international efforts to achieve a polio-free planet and to recognise the tireless work of those leading the charge to eradicate polio from every corner of the world. By taking the World Polio Day quiz provided below, students can enhance their knowledge about this day.
Check the answers for MyGov Quiz on General Assembly of Interpol here!
Q1. When is the annual World Polio Day observed?
- October 21
- October 22
- October 23
- October 24
Answer – October 24
Q2. What is the World Polio Day theme for 2022?
- Delivering on a promise
- A healthier future for mothers and children.
- Stories of Progress: Past and Present
- End Polio
Answer – A healthier future for mothers and children
Q3. Who invented the Polio Vaccine?
- Hiram Maxim
- Theodore Roosevelt
- Jonas Salk
- Joseph Stalin
Answer – Jonas Salk
Q4. When was Polio Vaccine discovered?
Answer – 1955
Q5. What age group is most likely to catch the polio virus?
- 25-30 years
- 45-60 years
- 0-5 years
- 15-25 years
Answer – 0-5 years
Q6. Polio is an infectious disease caused by a
Answer – Virus
Q7. The prevalence of polio is still high in-
- Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania
- Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan
- Indonesia and Malaysia
- Nowhere – it has been eradicated from all countries.
Answer – Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan
Q8. How does the infection of polio virus spread?
- Faecal-oral route
- Placental route
- sexual route
Answer – Faecal-oral route
Q9. The area in the body where the polio virus multiplies is known as
- Intestinal cells
- Nerve cells
- Muscle cells
- None of the above
Answer – Intestinal cells
Q10. In which year did India receive the Polio free certificate from WHO?
Answer – 2014