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With its rich history and culture, India is known for its diversity. One of the ways in which this diversity is commemorated is through the celebration of Foundation Day, which is also referred to as Statehood Day, by each state. The day signifies the establishment of a particular state and its distinctive culture, traditions, and history. Foundation Day is a time for people to unite and reflect on the advancements made by the state since its inception, while also anticipating the future.

The Constitution of India establishes our country as a Union of States, with the topic of state formation covered in Part 1 under Articles 2, 3, and 4. Article 2 outlines the process for admitting and establishing new states, while Article 3 covers the formation of new states and changes to the boundaries, areas, or names of existing ones. Article 4 enables laws to be made under Articles 2 and 3 for amending the First and Fourth Schedules, as well as for addressing supplementary, incidental, and consequential matters. This article provides insight into the Foundation Days of Indian States.

Foundation Days Of Indian States: Significance

The observance of¬†Foundation Days of Indian States, also known as Statehood Days, holds great cultural, historical, and political significance. These days signify the establishment of a state and honour its unique identity, traditions, and history. They offer an occasion for people to unite and contemplate the progress made by the state since its inception, while also looking towards the future. Celebrations involve cultural programs, parades, and speeches by political leaders. These festivities not only celebrate the state’s distinctiveness but also strengthen its sense of unity and belonging to the wider Indian community. Foundation Days remind us of India’s diversity and the significance of cherishing and acknowledging it.

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Foundation Days Of Indian States: Dates of Foundation

Below, we have listed the dates of Foundation Days Of Indian States for all the states:

StateFoundation dayDateYearBefore foundation
Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh Day1 November1956Part of Andhra State and Hyderabad State
Arunachal PradeshArunachal Pradesh Day20 February1987Arunachal Pradesh Union Territory
AssamAssam Day2 December1928Part of Kamarupa Kingdom
BiharBihar Day22 March1912Part of Bengal Province, British India
ChhattisgarhChhattisgarh Day1 November2000Part of Madhya Pradesh
GoaGoa Day30 May1987Part of Goa, Daman and Diu
GujaratGujarat Day1 May1960Part of Bombay State
HaryanaHaryana Day1 November1966Part of East Punjab
Himachal PradeshHimachal Pradesh Day15 April1948Part of the princely states of former Punjab States Agency
JharkhandJharkhand Day15 November2000Part of Bihar
KarnatakaKarnataka Rajyotsava1 November1956Part of Bombay State, Coorg State, Hyderabad State and Mysore State
KeralaKerala Day1 November1956Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin
Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh Day1 November1956Part of the Central Provinces and Berar, Princely State of Makrai and the princely states of the former Eastern States Agency.
MaharashtraMaharashtra Day1 May1960Part of Bombay State
ManipurManipur Day21 January1972Manipur Union Territory
MeghalayaMeghalaya Day21 January1972Part of Assam
MizoramMizoram Day20 February1987Mizoram Union Territory
NagalandNagaland Day1 December1963Nagaland Union Territory
OdishaOdisha Day1 April1936Part of Bihar and Orissa Province, British India
PunjabPunjab Day1 November1966Part of East Punjab
RajasthanRajasthan Day30 March1949Part of the princely states of former Rajputana Agency
SikkimSikkim Day16 May1975Kingdom of Sikkim
Tamil NaduTamil Nadu Day1 November1956Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin
TelanganaTelangana Day2 June2014Part of Andhra Pradesh
TripuraTripura Day21 January1972Tripura Union Territory
Uttar PradeshUttar Pradesh Day24 January1950United Provinces
UttarakhandUttarakhand Day9 November2000Part of Uttar Pradesh
West BengalWest Bengal Day20 June1947Part of Bengal Province, British India

Foundation Days Of Indian States: FAQs

What is the significance of the foundation day of a state?

The foundation day marks the establishment of a state and celebrates its unique identity, traditions, and history.

When is the foundation day of Maharashtra celebrated?

Maharashtra Day is celebrated on 1st May.

Which state was previously a union territory before becoming a state in 1987?

Arunachal Pradesh was previously a union territory before becoming a state in 1987.

What is the significance of Telangana Day?

Telangana Day marks the formation of the state of Telangana after it was separated from Andhra Pradesh.

When was Chhattisgarh established as a separate state?

Chhattisgarh was established as a separate state on 1st November 2000, after it was separated from Madhya Pradesh.

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