Indian Nobel Laureates List: The Nobel Prize, which was first awarded at the beginning of the 20th century, is renowned as the most incredible honor for extraordinary achievements to humanity. In a yearly ceremony, institutions from Sweden and Norway present this distinguished prize, which was initially given out in 1901, in various categories. These honors are given to deserving people for their humanitarian contributions in their respective disciplines. It is an acknowledgment of their works on a global scale. Except for the Nobel Peace Prize, which Norway gives, all honors are given by the Swedish Academy. The Nobel Prize was first presented for exceptional achievements and contributions in the fields of chemistry, literature, peace, physics, and medicine. A Nobel Memorial Prize is awarded in the field of economic sciences addition to these.
- The Nobel Prize is named after Swedish businessman and philanthropist Alfred Nobel.
- Each year, this prize is given to those who have made outstanding contributions to society and humanity in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, economics, peace, and literature.
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Indian Nobel Laureates List
Every nation in the world has its own Nobel laureates. India, a nation of over 1.3 billion people with thousands of universities, has produced its fair share of Nobel laureates in every category of the prize over the years. Indian Nobel laureates are listed below:
- Rabindranath Tagore – 1913
Rabindranath Tagore, who was India’s literary genius at the time, elevated the entire nation to a prestigious platform in 1913 while the country was still writhing under suffocating British colonialism. His compositions, which belonged to an entirely different level, elevated India to the status of significant literary power. He received the country’s first Nobel honor. He was the first non-Westerner to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. He was a poet, philosopher, and renowned educator. His book Gitanjali, which contained a collection of poems, earned him the country’s first Nobel Prize. The book is still read widely today, notably in India.
- CV Raman – 1930
If you’ve ever had any experience with physics, you’ve probably heard about C.V. Raman. He was a Tamil Nadu-born physicist who worked in India. In 1930, C.V. Raman received the Nobel award for his outstanding work in physics. On the behavior of light or light scattering, he accomplished outstanding work. The Raman Effect, which bears his name, is the name of the study he conducted. He learned the causes of the sky’s blue color. He accomplished this accomplishment in physics as the first individual from all of Asia. On February 28, India commemorates his discovery day as National Science Day.
- Har Gobind Khorana – 1968
He holds a prestigious position among India’s top Nobel laureates. A biochemist, H.G. Khorana, was born in Raipur, a region of undivided India. He traveled to the United States later in life and settled there after becoming a citizen. His genetic study demonstrated how the sequence of nucleotides in nucleic acids carries the cell’s genetic code, and he was given the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1968 for his work in this area. Together with two other scientists, he received the Nobel Prize.
- Mother Teresa – 1979
It could be challenging to locate individuals in India who are unfamiliar with this name. She is frequently hailed as a shining example of compassion. Mother Teresa, born in North Macedonia, moved to India shortly after birth and quickly rose to prominence as one of the country’s most notable Nobel laureates. She founded Nirmal Hriday in 1952, a hospice where patients who were nearing death may pass away peacefully and dignifiedly. She helped the poor and needy by doing tasks for them. For her exceptional humanitarian efforts, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
- Subhramanyan Chandrashekhar – 1983
He was born in Lahore during the British colonization of India. He immigrated to the country and got American citizenship. His uncle was CV Raman (Nobel Prize winner). Astrophysicist Chandrashekhar was an astrophysicist. His research focused on the composition and development of stars. The Chandrashekhar Limit is a scientific concept that bears his name. He and another researcher both received the Physics Nobel Prize.
- Amartya Sen – 1998
Amartya Sen, who received the Nobel Prize in Economics for his substantial contributions to Welfare Economics and his outstanding work for the causes and prevention of famines, is another illustrious name on the list of Indian Nobel laureates. The past, Sen was born in Calcutta. He is at the moment spending his time teaching in the UK and the USA. He has produced books with solid intellectual depth. The fourth Indian to receive the Nobel Prize for India is Amartya Sen. In addition to academic economics, Amartya Sen is a vehement critic of Indian politics and the nation’s economic problems.
- Venkatraman Ramakrishnan – 2009
In Tamil Nadu, Ramakrishnan was born. He is the laureate of the Chemistry Nobel Prize. He has also been awarded the Padma Vibhushana. His work has made notable contributions to the ribosome’s RNA structural design.
- Kailash Satyarthi – 2014
This historical figure formed the non-governmental organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan to fight against child labor and protect children’s rights.
So far, Satyarthi, a child rights campaigner, has freed nearly 1 lakh kids from slavery, trafficking, and child labor. Together with Malala Yousafzai, he received the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Abhijit Banerjee – 2019
He is a recent addition to the list of Nobel Prize winners. He was born and received most of his education in India. He shares the Nobel Prize in Economics with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer. Their efforts were centered on reducing poverty around the world. He currently resides and is employed in America.
FAQs on the Indian Nobel Laureates List
The Nobel Prize, the highest honor in the world, is granted to exceptional individuals who have made significant contributions to academia, science, or culture.
The Nobel Prize was established in 1901; as of 2018, 904 people and 24 organizations had received it. Twelve of the honorees are Indian (five Indian citizens and seven of Indian ancestry or residency).
First Indian to receive the Nobel Prize is Rabindranath Tagore.
Malala Yousafzai, who was just 17 years old when she won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014, holds the record for being the youngest laureate.
Abhijit Banerjee, his wife Esther Duflo, and the American Michael Kremer shared the Nobel Prize in Economics for their innovative strategy to reduce global poverty.